National President of NACCIMA, Dele Kelvin Oye, Esq. delivering his Goodwill Message at the launch of the “Informal Sector Report” hosted by Moniepoint, in partnership with the Federal Ministry of Industry, Trade and Investment (FMITI), and SMEDAN on the 5th of July, 2024

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  • July 8, 2024

The Role of Informal Sector
The informal sector plays a crucial role in Nigeria’s economy. It encompasses a wide range of economic activities that are not regulated by the government, including small-scale trade, agriculture, artisanal and craft work, and various forms of informal employment. The sector contributes significantly to employment, income generation, and poverty reduction, particularly in urban and rural areas where formal employment opportunities are limited.
Importance of the Informal Sector in Nigeria
1. Employment and Income Generation: The informal sector is a major source of employment, especially for low-skilled workers, women, and youths. It provides income for millions of Nigerians who might otherwise be unemployed.
2. Economic Growth: Informal businesses contribute to the GDP and provide essential goods and services that are often more affordable and accessible than those offered by the formal sector.
3. Poverty Reduction: By providing livelihoods and income opportunities, the informal sector helps reduce poverty and improve living standards.
4. Flexibility and Innovation: Informal businesses often operate with more flexibility and can quickly adapt to changing market conditions. They are also a breeding ground for innovation and entrepreneurship.

Challenges Facing the Informal Sector
1. Lack of Access to Finance: Informal businesses often struggle to secure loans
and credit due to lack of collateral and formal financial records.
2. Limited Access to Markets: Informal businesses may have limited access to larger markets and supply chains.
3. Regulatory Barriers: While not regulated, informal businesses often face harassment and demands for unofficial fees from local authorities.
4. Inadequate Infrastructure: Poor infrastructure, such as unreliable electricity and inadequate transportation, hampers the productivity of informal businesses.
5. Lack of Social Protection: Workers in the informal sector typically do not have access to social security, health insurance, or other benefits.
What Different Tiers of Nigerian Government Can Do to Encourage the Informal Sector
• Federal Government
1. Financial Inclusion: Promote policies that increase access to financial services
for informal businesses, such as microfinance and mobile banking.
2. Regulatory Framework: Develop a regulatory environment that is supportive and protective of informal businesses while gradually integrating them into the formal economy.
3. Infrastructure Development: Invest in critical infrastructure, such as electricity, roads, and internet access, to support the growth of informal businesses.
4. Education and Training: Provide vocational training and entrepreneurship programs to help informal sector workers improve their skills and productivity.
● State Government
1. Market Access: Facilitate access to local and regional markets by organizing
trade fairs, providing market information, and supporting cooperatives and associations.

2. Local Financing Mechanisms: Partner with local banks and financial institutions to develop tailored financial products that meet the needs of informal businesses.
3. Support Services: Offer business development services, including mentorship, consultancy, and legal assistance, to help informal businesses grow and formalize.
4. Health and Safety: Implement health and safety regulations that are practical and beneficial for informal workers, ensuring they have access to basic services and protection.
● Local Government
1. Local Infrastructure: Improve local infrastructure, such as roads, water supply,
and marketplaces, to support informal traders and businesses.
2. Simplified Regulations: Develop simple and transparent regulatory processes that make it easier for informal businesses to operate without fear of harassment or excessive fees.
3. Community Engagement: Engage with local communities to understand their needs and involve them in the planning and implementation of policies that affect the informal sector.
4. Public Health and Sanitation: Ensure that informal markets and business areas have adequate sanitation and waste management services to maintain a healthy working environment.
By addressing the challenges faced by the informal sector and creating an enabling environment, the different tiers of Nigerian government can help harness the full potential of this vital part of the economy for sustainable development and inclusive growth.
I want to congratulate the Moniepoint
Investment Director General of SMEDAN, for this astounding milestone.


Dele Kelvin Oye, Esq.
National President, Nigerian Association of Chambers of Commerce, Industry, Mines, and Agriculture (NACCIMA)

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